The Development and Challenges of the Old Age Allowance Program in Thailand After the Policy Reformation in 2009 (68601)

Session Information: Politics & Public Policy
Session Chair: Anastasia Atabekova

Sunday, 28 May 2023 10:20
Session: Session 1
Room: Room 707
Presentation Type:Oral Presentation

Aging society is the phenomenon that is occurring around the world. According to the World Bank, Thailand was changing from aged society to super-aged society (having older population at 20 percent of total population) in 2035. It is necessary to understand the aging policy in order to cope with the future challenges of aging society in Thailand. Aging society is an important issue that related to labor forces, economic development, education planning and so on. In 2009, Thai government succeeded in expanding the social pension for Thai older people who did not eligible for other kinds of pension -Civil Servant Pension and Social Security Pension- through the implementation of a non-contributory pension. The study aims to give an overview of the social pension and analyze the problems and challenges of the program after the policy transformation in 2009. The study applied a qualitative approach by document analysis. Before 2009, The Old age Allowance program is the benefit only for Thai older poor. After reformation in 2009, the program covered more than 5,652,893 older persons which was 80 percent of the older population of Thailand. To conclude, the social pension program was reformed and redesigned in 2009 and after, but there are many challenges and problems occurred both from the government organization and the beneficiaries themselves.

Khemarin Pensaengon, Silpakorn University, Thailand

About the Presenter(s)
Ms Khemarin Pensaengon is a University Assistant Professor/Lecturer at Silpakorn University in Thailand

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00