Tuman is a small village located 23 km northwest of Katghora in the Korba District of present Chhattisgarh, India. This place is considered to be the first capital of the Haihaya or Kalachuri kings of South Kosala. This area gained archaeological importance by owning the 15 ruins of intricately sculptured stones principally of ancient temples. This locality is one of the protected areas in Chhattisgarh declared by the Archaeological Survey of India. The architectural wonders of Tuman not just only attract tourists, but also raise so many vital queries among Historians including Archaeologists. Like - when did this small settlement become the center of the authority of the Kalachuri Dynasty? Are these monuments carrying out one single style of temple architecture or are they showcasing the composite structural pattern? Based on the religious perspective, this place can portray a successful picture of communal compatibility as well.
This paper intends to focus on how Tuman transformed into the capital of the Kalachuri Dynasty from an elementary stage of a Janapada. This paper would discuss the detailed architectural features of the temples and other monumental remains of that place based on a thorough field study. Lastly, I would also like to highlight how political anxiety and religious harmony went hand in hand to make Tuman a unique ancient archaeological site in India.
Sanjukta De, University of Calcutta, India
About the Presenter(s)
Ms. Sanjukta De is currently pursuing her Ph.D from the Dept. of Ancient Indian History and Culture, University of Calcutta, India and serving as a SACT (Category I) Lecturer in the Dept. of History, Gokhale Memorial Girls' College, Kolkata , India.
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